Anish Kapoor is an influential British sculptor and contemporary artist of Indian origin. He was born on March 12, 1954 in Bombay, India, into a family of Indian and Iraqi descent. Throughout his career, Kapoor has made a significant mark on the contemporary art world with his innovative and provocative work, which explores themes of form, color, space and perception.
Kapoor moved to London in the 1970s to study at the prestigious Hornsey College of Art and later at the Chelsea School of Art Design. His initial artistic training was influenced by minimalism and conceptual art, but he soon developed his unique and distinctive style.
One of the most notable characteristics of Kapoor's work is his focus on sculpture. He often works with unusual and challenging materials, such as wax, stone, steel and plaster, to create sculptures that challenge traditional notions of form and space. His works often take on organic and geometric forms, and are characterized by their highly polished finish and use of color, especially red and black.
In the 1980s, Kapoor became famous for his series of shell-shaped sculptures known as "Queen Sculptures" and "Nothing Sculptures." These works are characterized by their concave conical shape and glossy finish. Kapoor is also known for his sculptures using the technique of "Vantablack," a material developed by scientists that is one of the darkest blacks known, which creates the illusion of a black hole in his works.
In addition to his work in sculpture, Kapoor has dabbled in installation and public art. His monumental pieces have been exhibited in landmarks around the world, such as Chicago's Millennium Park and the ArcelorMittal Orbit Tower in London's Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park.
Anish Kapoor has received numerous awards and honors throughout his career, including the prestigious Turner Prize in 1991 and the Royal Academy of Arts Gold Medal in London in 2013. In addition, in 2014, he was knighted and is now known as Sir Anish Kapoor.
His work has become part of the canon of contemporary art and has influenced generations of artists. With his innovative use of materials and his focus on exploring perception and space, Anish Kapoor has left an enduring mark on the contemporary art world and remains an influential figure on the international art scene.